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In 2014, archaeological studies have been conducted mainly in Naringala, partly in Shahristan. Outside the city walls, in order to determine the nature of the monument, in the north-east50 meters the city castle tower has been five test excavation...
In 2014, archaeological studies have been conducted mainly in Naringala, partly in Shahristan. Outside the city walls, in order to determine the nature of the monument, in the north-east50 meters the city castle tower has been five test excavation. The studies of fortified buildings of city have been the focus of attention in 2014 studies as well and the archaeological investigations have been continued in the 4th excavation site, the inner side of north-west city walls. As a result, the west wall of Naringala in 50 m, and north wall in 60.1 m from inside have been studied. Remains of wall remain are in better condition in the northwestern corner and it has 7.1 m height. There have been unearthed new factual materials on the constructive structure of north fortress. Combined masonry cut in 17J square. So, the wall of mud brick joins it from the east. Mud brick masonry has been studied 2.2 m in length, 70 cm in height. This masonry is 90 cm thinner than combined one. Over the mud bricklaying, the wall similar to the setting of the concrete, reaching a height of 1.7 m has been recorded. As of the period, there are differences between the combined masonry, mud bricklaying and concrete shaped remains.
Archaeological excavations in 2014, revealing the remains of the citadel in clarifying the structure of the plan is significant. The remains of the monumental building in the west side of Naringala, belonging to the XII-XIII centuries, stretch along the narrow street.
From the west side, the remains of building built with baked brick joins the walls of Naringala. The complex is divided into several rooms with partition walls. It has been determined that repair and reconstruction work has been carried out even several times during the study of complex. On the east side of the street the remains of basement building, a complex structure with many rooms, probably the remains of complex that was chemistry lab or pharmacy was located. This complex is remarkable with its construction techniques, as well as the various descriptions painted on the red paint with thinner scratch method along plaster. The remains of basement have great scientific importance from the archaeological point of view. The floor of the room was accurately paved with thin river stones. The column was built of baked bricks is in the center. Apparently, the column kept the ceiling.
The remains of various buildings were located along the east side of the street. The street was paved with stony sand, wastes from the production of baked bricks and partially white stone stabs. It has been determined that the street was repaired at least three times during the period of existence and eventually rose to the level of 35-40 cm. On the east side of the street home building remains belonging to XII-XIII centuries was defined. The remains of tendirs and floors, custom-built hearth and house pitcher have been unearthed from the site. A distinctive feature of tendirs is that there are kulbeh and special building related with it on the west side.
The remains of complex built of mud-brick and baked brick were exposed to damage and that’s why it is difficult to define its purpose.
On the left side of the street, the remains of foundation with an area of roughly 17 square meterswas unearthed. The foundation was built with river stones and the walls with mud-brick. On the north-west corner of it the remains of big tendir were discovered.
In the IV excavation site more than 10 different remains of tendirs were uncovered in 2014. One of them - built by putting baked bricks vertically and plaster inside was found from Shamkir excavations for the first time and it attracts attention.
It should be noted that wells and floors in IV excavation site that were found in 2014, date back to IX-X centuries. The floor was paved with 23x23x6 cm dimension baked bricks and discovered from 4.15 m depth. South-north directed wall remains separates the floor into two parts which was built by river stone and has 72 cm width.
The discovery of a medieval cemetery is one of the most important achievements of the researches in Shamkir settlement. The test excavations which carried out in the north from the north-east tower showed that there are lots of Muslim graves in the area.
In 2014, as a result of archeological excavations in Shamkir findings were represented with tools, weapons, pottery, glass ware, glazed Alembic, jewelry and coins. From a room of chemical laboratory or pharmacy complex a large number of glazed ceramics and samples of glass jar were found and are remarkable. Among the weapons found in 2014 arrowheads, and among the labor tools knives prevail. Glazed ceramic Alembic was found from the Shamkir excavations for the first time this year. As every year, this year the pottery artifacts have been abundant.
In 2014, as a result of archaeological excavations, some interesting findings on craftsmanship, welfare, medicine, chemistry and art as anthropomorphic shaped water container, polychrome potteries with rich ornaments, scratch patterned pottery over manganese, faience fragments, glassware can be mentioned.
In this year the conservation and partly restoration works were carried out in Shamkir settlement as well. In the area between counter fort No 1 and central tower conservation works which started in 2013 has been completed.